1 answer

Please give me a description of each to be prepared for fundamentals test thank you, typed, please. Do not answer

Question:

Please give me a description of each to be prepared for fundamentals test thank you, typed, please. Do not answer if you are not sure thank you.

1.Identify the fluids compartments within the body (intracellular, intravascular, and interstitial).

2.Describe the function of sodium, potassium, and magnesium in the body.

3.Identify causes of sodium, potassium, and magnesium imbalances in the body.

4.Identify causes for fluid imbalance in the body.

5.Describe the signs and symptoms that indicate a patient has deficient or excess fluid volume.

6.Choose appropriate nursing diagnoses and outcomes related to fluid and electrolyte imbalance.

7.Compare and contrast the different types of hypotonic, isotonic, and hypertonic IV fluids.

8.Utilize the nursing process to describe nursing care for an individual with fluid and electrolyte imbalances.

9.Describe how fluid and electrolyte imbalances are resolved through the following methods: PO fluid intake (encouraged or restricted), medication administration, and IVF therapy.

10.Describe the nursing care for a vascular access device (peripheral IV line and central venous catheters).

11.Describe the nurse’s role in ensuring safe and effective IV fluid and medication administration.

12.Accurately calculate IV flow rates (ml/hr for pump rates and gtt/min for gravity rates).


Answers

Answer 1: The fluids compartments within the body are:

  1. The intracellular fluid compartment: It is the system that includes all fluid enclosed in cells by their plasma membranes and it makes up about 60 percent of the total water in the human body.
  2. Extracellular fluid compartment: It surrounds all cells in the body and accounts for the other one-third of the body’s water content. The extracellular fluid has primary constituents i.e. the fluid component of the blood (called plasma). Plasma travels through the body in blood vessels and transports a range of materials, including blood cells, proteins.
  3. The interstitial fluid compartment: It is that surrounds all cells not in the blood and gases, nutrients, and waste materials travel between capillaries and cells through this.

Answer 2: Potassium carries a tiny electrical charge (potential) that is the primary positive ion (cation) found within the cells, where 98 percent of the 120 grams of potassium contained in the body is found. Magnesium helps maintain the potassium in the cells, whereas sodium is important for proper muscle and nerve function and maintain stable blood pressure levels.

Answer 3: The causes of sodium, potassium, and magnesium imbalances in the body can be electrolyte imbalance due to diarrhea, excessive fluid loss from the body, kidney failure or renal dysfunction leads to loss of fluid.

Answer 4: The fluid imbalace can occurs as when the body may lose too much fluid due to diarrhea, vomiting, severe blood loss, or high fever.

One of the reason can be lack of a hormone called antidiuretic hormone (ADH) can cause the kidneys to get rid of too much fluid.

.

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