1 answer

Please answer thank you in advance. Worksheet 8: Iron and Calcium Intakes The two minerals most likely to fall...

Question:

Please answer thank you in advance.
Worksheet 8: Iron and Calcium Intakes The two minerals most likely to fall short in the diet are iron and calcium. Interestingly, both are found in protein-rich foods, but not in the same foods. Meats, fish, and poultry are rich in iron but poor in calcium. Conversely, milk and milk products are rich in calcium but poor in iron. Including meat or meat alternates for iron and milk and milk products for calcium can help defend against iron deficiency and osteoporosis, respectively. Determine whether these food choices are typical of your diet Food choices Frequency per week Calcium-fortified foods (such as corn tortillas, tofu, cereals, or juices) Dark green vegetables (such as broccoli) Iron-fortified foods (such as breads or cereals) Legumes (such as pinto beans) Meats, fish, poultry, or eggs Milk or milk products Nuts (such as almonds) or seeds (such as sesame seeds) Small fish (such as sardines) or fish canned with bones (such as canned salmon) Whole or enriched grain products
Worksheet 8: Iron and Calcium Intakes The two minerals most likely to fall short in the diet are iron and calcium. Interestingly, both are found in protein-rich foods, but not in the same foods. Meats, fish, and poultry are rich in iron but poor in calcium. Conversely, milk and milk products are rich in calcium but poor in iron. Including meat or meat alternates for iron and milk and milk products for calcium can help defend against iron deficiency and osteoporosis, respectively. Determine whether these food choices are typical of your diet Food choices Frequency per week Calcium-fortified foods (such as corn tortillas, tofu, cereals, or juices) Dark green vegetables (such as broccoli) Iron-fortified foods (such as breads or cereals) Legumes (such as pinto beans) Meats, fish, poultry, or eggs Milk or milk products Nuts (such as almonds) or seeds (such as sesame seeds) Small fish (such as sardines) or fish canned with bones (such as canned salmon) Whole or enriched grain products

Answers

Calcium is essential for healthy bone growth and for nerve and muscle functions; it may protect against high blood pressure. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body. Most of the calcium in the body is located in the bones, providing a “storage bank” to maintain maximum calcium storage throughout life. Stored calcium is released into the body when needed to maintain a constant level in the blood for important body functions such as muscle movements (contract and relax) and transmitting nerve impulses. Without an exact level of calcium in the blood, our heart would not be able to beat and we would not be able to breath or move.

Adequate calcium intake is important at all stages of life.

In childhood and adolescence, it is particularly important to eat and drink calcium rich foods to ensure maximum calcium storage and strong bones. This is because calcium is most easily absorbed into the bones until late adolescence, after which the ability to store calcium slows down and becomes more difficult. Calcium needs are high during pregnancy, when the infant’s bones are developing, and even more so in breastfeeding, when high levels of calcium are passed to the baby through the breastmilk. Later in life, when storage levels are low, it is also important to increase calcium in the diet in order to protect bones from further calcium loss and to prevent osteoporosis, a disease resulting from lack of calcium, in which bones become weak and brittle and can easily break.

The best sources of calcium are: milk, cheese and yoghurt; small fresh or dried fishes with the bones and fish sauces containing the fish bones; white beans; tofu (soybean); almonds and sesame seeds. Some vegetables and leafy greens, such as broccoli and spinach, contain calcium, but large quantities of these foods must be eaten to ensure sufficient calcium.


Iron is needed in the blood and muscles as part of the system that carries oxygen throughout the body to be used for energy production in the cells.

Iron is also involved in getting energy from carbohydrates, protein and fats and is needed for making amino acids and body tissues. Iron needs are greatest during periods of growth and development, so infants, children and pregnant women have the highest needs. Iron deficiency anaemia, which occurs when iron is low, contributes to deaths in pregnancy and childbirth and can result in poor growth and development, low resistance to disease, poor reproductive functions and lower resistance to infections leading to increased illness.

Sources of iron: Iron is found in both animal and plant foods, but the iron in animal foods is in a form that is very easy for the body to absorb and use, while iron from plant foods is not as easily absorbed or used by the body. Good animal sources of iron are: meat, especially red meat, liver, eggs, fish and poultry. Plant sources of iron include beans, soybeans and tofu, leafy green vegetables, dried fruits and foods fortified with extra iron, such as enriched bread.

Vitamin C can help the body’s ability to absorb iron, so eating iron-rich foods together with foods such as lemons, limes, oranges, grapefruits, tomatoes and strawberries will increase the iron we get from foods. Other food components, such as phytates in bran and tannins in teas, can inhibit the absorption of iron and other minerals.

.

Similar Solved Questions

1 answer
Introduction of health behavior.. Rni hesute ens that you ma
introduction of health behavior.. Rni hesute ens that you ma...
1 answer
Getting to YES Negotiating an agreement without giving in use that book QUESTION 18 Those engaged...
Getting to YES Negotiating an agreement without giving in use that book QUESTION 18 Those engaged in negotiation jujitso use the following key tools – A. (1) Use statements instead of questions, and (2) silence B. (1) Use Questions instead of statements, and (2) keep talking ...
1 answer
A cost minimizing firm’s production function is Q=2KL. The price of labor, w, is currently $4,...
A cost minimizing firm’s production function is Q=2KL. The price of labor, w, is currently $4, and the price of capital, r, is currently $1. At the firm’s current level of output, it has total costs of $160. Input prices change such that the wage rate is now 8 times the rental rate. The ...
1 answer
6. Constant-growth rates One of the most important components of stock valuation is a firm’s estimated...
6. Constant-growth rates One of the most important components of stock valuation is a firm’s estimated growth rate. Financial statements provide the information needed to estimate the growth rate. Kenji Taylor, an equity research analyst at Taylor Advisors, believes in efficient markets. He ha...
1 answer
Assume that a Spherical Planet Of Radius R, Has a Uniform Mass Density (Per Unit Volume) Distribu...
Assume that a Spherical Planet Of Radius R, Has a Uniform Mass Density (Per Unit Volume) Distribution Throughout, Of Value Po. Also, Assume that There Is a Massive Dust Cloud In the Rest Of the Universe, Which Decays Exponentially In Radius, r, Away From the Surface Of the Planet, Where the Mass Den...
1 answer
With c++ Write the code to make a complete copy of a hash table (using chaining) of the last chain (that exists) into a new linear linked list. Assume you know the size of the hash table (size M)....
with c++ Write the code to make a complete copy of a hash table (using chaining) of the last chain (that exists) into a new linear linked list. Assume you know the size of the hash table (size M). The data in each node is a dynamically allocated array of characters. Write the code to make a comple...
1 answer
3 For the network a. Find the total impedance Z and the total admittance Y. b....
3 For the network a. Find the total impedance Z and the total admittance Y. b. Find the current I.. c. Calculate I, using the current divider rule. d. Calculate Ve e. Calculate the average power delivered to the network RX-120...
1 answer
Why is normal force acting down in a circular motion when the object is at top of the circle?
Why is normal force acting down in a circular motion when the object is at top of the circle?...
1 answer
During its first five years of operations, Red Raider Consulting reports net income and pays dividends...
During its first five years of operations, Red Raider Consulting reports net income and pays dividends as follows. Required: Calculate the balance of retained earnings at the end of each year. Note that retained earnings will always equal $0 at the beginning of year 1. Retained Earnings Year Net Inc...
1 answer
What is the relationship between the circumference of a circle and its diameter? A) the circumference is about 3 times the diameter B) The diameter is about half the circumference C) There is no realtionship
What is the relationship between the circumference of a circle and its diameter? A) the circumference is about 3 times the diameter B) The diameter is about half the circumference C) There is no realtionship...
1 answer
Practice Exercise 7.11 The industrial synthesis of H, begins with the steam-reforming reaction, in which methane...
Practice Exercise 7.11 The industrial synthesis of H, begins with the steam-reforming reaction, in which methane reacts with high temperature steam: & exam CH.(g) + H20(g) - CO(g) + 3 H2(9) What is the percent yield when a reaction vessel that initially contains 64 kg CH, and excess steam yields...
1 answer
How do you solve # ( 32x - 5) - ( 9x - 12) #?
How do you solve # ( 32x - 5) - ( 9x - 12) #?...
1 answer
If you could only pick one, income statement or the statement of cash flows, to review...
If you could only pick one, income statement or the statement of cash flows, to review before investing in a company, which one would you select, and why?...
1 answer
Bill and Janine both changed jobs recently and each received a rollover check for $5,000. Both...
Bill and Janine both changed jobs recently and each received a rollover check for $5,000. Both would like to invest in the ABC Mutual Fund (historical prices in the table below.) • Bill decided to invest all of his money on June 1st. • Janine decided to dollar cost average her funds into t...
1 answer
1. Suppose demand curve is: Q = 500-20P. a. What is the monopoly output if marginal...
1. Suppose demand curve is: Q = 500-20P. a. What is the monopoly output if marginal cost is 5? b. What is the Bertrand output if the marginal cost is 5 for both firms? c. What is the Bertrand output if there are 2 firms and marginal costs of firm 1 is 7 and firm 2 is 5?...