What is the education/careet path to that job?
- Nursing is an emotionally fulfilling and personally rewarding career, with excellent job prospects, a wide range of areas to specialize in, and strong salaries. Graduates of nursing school enjoy high starting salaries in comparison to their peers in other industries, because nurses are in higher demand than ever before. Everyone needs healthcare, and with an aging population and shrinking nursing workforce, it’s easy to see why nursing is often referred to as a “recession proof” career.
- Registered nurses usually take one of three education paths: a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing (BSN), an associate's degree in nursing (ADN), or a diploma from an approved nursing program. Registered nurses must be licensed.
- In all nursing education programs, students take courses in anatomy, physiology, microbiology, chemistry, nutrition, psychology, and other social and behavioral sciences, as well as in liberal arts.
- BSN programs typically take 4 years to complete;
- Bachelor's degree programs usually include additional education in the physical and social sciences, communication, leadership, and critical thinking.
These programs also offer more clinical experience in nonhospital settings. A bachelor's degree or higher is often necessary for administrative positions, research, consulting, and teaching.
- ADN and diploma programs usually take 2 to 3 years to complete.
- Diploma programs are typically offered by hospitals or medical centers, and there are far fewer diploma programs than there are BSN and ADN programs.
- All programs include supervised clinical experience.
- Generally, licensed graduates of any of the three types of education programs (bachelor's, associate's, or diploma) qualify for entry-level positions as a staff nurse. However, employers—particularly those in hospitals—may require a bachelor's degree.
- Registered nurses with an ADN or diploma may go back to school to earn a bachelor's degree through an RN-to-BSN program.
- There are also master's degree programs in nursing, combined bachelor's and master's programs, and accelerated programs for those who wish to enter the nursing profession and already hold a bachelor's degree in another field.
- Some employers offer tuition reimbursement.
- Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) must earn a master's degree in nursing and typically already have 1 or more years of work experience as an RN or in a related field.
- CNSs who conduct research typically need a doctoral degree.
Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations for Registered Nurses:
In all states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories, registered nurses must have a nursing license. To become licensed, nurses must graduate from an approved nursing program and pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX-RN).
Other requirements for licensing, such as passing a criminal background check, vary by state.
Each state's board of nursing provides specific requirements. (For more information on the NCLEX-RN and a list of state boards of nursing, visit the National Council of State Boards of Nursing).
Nurses may become certified through professional associations in specific areas, such as ambulatory care, gerontology, and pediatrics, among others. Although certification is usually voluntary, it demonstrates adherence to a higher standard, and some employers require it.
In addition, registered nursing positions may require certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), basic life support (BLS) certification, and/or advanced cardiac life support (ACLS).
- CNSs must satisfy additional state licensing requirements, such as earning specialty certifications. Contact state boards of nursing for specific requirements.
How did that person get there?
What is the most enjoyable part of the job?
- Most registered nurses work as part of a team with physicians and other healthcare specialists.
- Some registered nurses oversee licensed practical nurses, nursing assistants, and home health aides.
- It gives wide range of care oppurtunity to chose from
Many possibilities for working with specific patient groups exist. The following list includes just a few examples:
Addiction nurses care for patients who need help to overcome addictions to alcohol, drugs, and other substances.
Cardiovascular nurses care for patients with heart disease and people who have had heart surgery.
Critical care nurses work in intensive-care units in hospitals, providing care to patients with serious, complex, and acute illnesses and injuries that need very close monitoring and treatment.
Genetics nurses provide screening, counseling, and treatment for patients with genetic disorders, such as cystic fibrosis.
Neonatology nurses take care of newborn babies.
Nephrology nurses care for patients who have kidney-related health issues stemming from diabetes, high blood pressure, substance abuse, or other causes.
Public health nurses promote public health by educating people on warning signs and symptoms of disease or managing chronic health conditions. They may also run health screenings, immunization clinics, blood drives, or other community outreach programs.
Rehabilitation nurses care for patients with temporary or permanent disabilities.
Some nurses do not work directly with patients, but they must still have an active registered nurse license. For example, they may work as nurse educators, healthcare consultants, public policy advisors, researchers, hospital administrators, salespeople for pharmaceutical and medical supply companies, or as medical writers and editors.
Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) are a type of advanced practice registered nurse (APRN). They provide direct patient care in one of many nursing specialties, such as psychiatric-mental health or pediatrics.
CNSs also provide indirect care, by working with other nurses and various other staff to improve the quality of care that patients receive. They often serve in leadership roles and may educate and advise other nursing staff. CNSs also may conduct research and may advocate for certain policies.
what is the least enjoyable part of the job?
- Registered nurses may spend a lot of time walking, bending, stretching, and standing. They are vulnerable to back injuries because they often must lift and move patients.
- The work of registered nurses may put them in close contact with people who have infectious diseases, and they frequently come in contact with potentially harmful and hazardous drugs and other substances.
- Therefore, registered nurses must follow strict, standardized guidelines to guard against diseases and other dangers, such as radiation, accidental needle sticks, or the chemicals used to create a sterile and clean environment.
what advice do they have for someone entering the field?
- A career in nursing offers plenty of choices so you can adapt your profession to fit your lifestyle.
Not only is work available in a variety of geographic locations and different sectors, nurses work full-time or part-time.
- The career mobility is outstanding.
Registered nurses (RNs) and nurse practitioners (NP) can work in a wide variety of places. You can be on the front lines in trauma care. You can work in public health or in a community health setting. If you are interested in the legal system, you could be a nurse consultant. If teaching is more your style, you can be an educator, or work with children…the list is endless.
- The opportunities for learning are endless.
While every job has its challenges, the demands and rewards of nursing can vary depending on the setting.
Most nurses will tell you that no day is ever the same, and each day offers a variety of challenges that keeps you learning and excited about the profession.
- Collaborative partnerships: working with and leading other professions.
Very often nurses work with a team of health-care professionals. Sometimes nurses will lead the team by managing and coordinating the care of people or planning, implementing, and evaluating programs. It’s a profession that offer a great deal of autonomy and yet involves collaboration with others and leadership opportunities.
- Nursing grads have the opportunity for a longer and optimized orientation experience as a new hire.
In Ontario, nursing graduates have the opportunity for longer and optimized orientation experiences through temporary bridging work for up to six and a half months through the Nursing Graduate Guarantee. This unique program ensures graduates are hired within a participating health-care organization and that you gain superior orientation through work experience.
- Ongoing demand for nurses in Canada
Make no mistake—nurses will always be in demand. Ontario needs at least 17,000 more RNs to catch up with the national RN-to-population ratio.
Changing demographics combined with an increased prevalence of chronic disease means there will be an increased demand for RNs. Nurses are also needed to provide health promotion and preventive care. Nurses in Ontario are fortunate to work in one of the best health-care systems in the world. Canada’s publicly-funded, not-for-profit system supports one of the highest life expectancies (about 80 years) and lowest infant mortality rates among industrialized countries.
- Leadership opportunities are abundant.
Ultimately, nursing leadership is an important component in the delivery of patient care. Examples include an educator helping to develop future leaders.
Or a researcher mentoring new researchers. An administrator providing support and guidance to staff. A point-of-care nurse providing client care and sharing professional knowledge. Or someone who provides direction and advocacy in the development of healthy policies.
- Ontario has a growing Nurse Practitioner (NP) community.
In Ontario, 25 Nurse Practitioner-led clinics across the province are available to provide health-care needs for thousands of Ontarians. In this established primary health care delivery model, NPs are the lead providers of primary health care.
This model supports a collaborative practice approach in which RNs and NPs work together with family physicians, and other health-care professionals to provide comprehensive, accessible, and coordinated health-care services.
- Nurses will always be needed.
Did you know that just one extra full-time registered nurse (RN) would save an additional five lives in a hospital care setting? RNs play an essential role in optimal health outcomes in a host of settings. For example, a systematic review of literature shows that higher RN staffing ratios result in reduced hospital mortality. For patients with chronic care conditions, RNs and NPs have been shown to reduce the need for health services, improve patient satisfaction and enhance the quality of life. In addition to better health outcomes and higher standards of care, RNs and NPs provide a sense of emotional well-being to patients that no research adequately documents.
- Nursing can be an exciting second career.
It doesn’t matter what your background is, it’s never too late to become a nurse. In fact, many employers value previous work experience in nurses new to the profession.
If you have a degree, you may want to consider a variety of accelerated (or post-baccalaureate or second degree) nursing programs. They are intense but worth the effort and you can become a nurse within two years. Many programs are also part-time to accommodate you if you need to work during your studies. Don’t let how old you are hold you back from making a career switch.
The RCH Nursing Career Pathway Executive Nurse Practitioner Professor of Nursing Education Facilitator Associate Professor/ Director of research After Hours Coordinators Clinical Nurse Consultant Clinical Nurse Educator NUM Nurse Care Managers Senior Fellow Clinical Nurse Facilitator AUM Clinical Nurse Specialist Researcher/Associate Management Clinical Research Education RN Division 1 RN Division 2 Generic Level Training Diploma, Degree or Certificate Level