1 answer

Each of the passages, A and B, below contains an argument by analogy. With respect to...

Question:

Each of the passages, A and B, below contains an argument by analogy. With respect to ONE of the passages, answer the questions that follow.

Jack and Jill are arguing about whether genetic engineering should be permitted. Jack says: “If they allow genetic engineering, then there will be a decent chance of finding a cure for cancer. It follows that if they don't allow it, then there will be no decent chance of finding such a cure.” Jill responds: “That's crazy logic, Jack. It's like saying ‘If you attend your lectures you will be able to listen to them. So if you don't attend, you won't be able to listen to them.’ We all know lectures are recorded.”

Human beings are much like dogs—some specimens are better than others and some strains are better than others. We could improve the quality of the human race, and the quality of human life, by selectively breeding people the way we breed dogs. The pity is that we are slaves to the idea that we must allow ‘nature to take its course’!

What kind of analogy is used here? [4 marks]

Identify the main conclusion of this argument. [4 marks]

Identify the Primary Subject and the Analogue Subject. [4 marks]

Briefly assess the argument. [8 marks]


Answers

Passage A

The kind of analogy used here is Opposite Analogy. As it says If the genetic engineering is allowed, then there will be a chance of finding cure for cancer and if they don't allow it, then there will be no chance of finding cure.

The main conclusion of this argument is that if genetic engineering is allowed, there will be a chance of finding the cure for cancer.

The primary subject is allowing of genetic engineering and the analogue subject is finding cure for cancer.

Argument is absolutely logical as the advancement in genetic engineering would help in finding cure for cancer.

.

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